People of Mozambique

The culture of Mozambique in its large part is derived from its history of Bantu, Swahili, and Portuguese rule, and has expanded since Independence in 1975.

Mozambique was ruled by Portugal and they share in common main language and second main religion (Roman Catholicism). But since most of the people are Bantus, most of the culture is native and for Bantus living in urban areas with some Portuguese influence. Mozambican culture influences the Portuguese culture. The music, movies, food and traditions are now part of everyday lifestyles of Portugal.

The main ethnic groups in Mozambique are, Makhuwa, Tsonga, Makonde, Shangaan, Shona, Sena, Ndau and other indigenous groups. There are approximately 45,000 Europeans and 15,000 South Asians.

Most of the people in Mozambique practise native beliefs and are Christians, mostly Roman Catholics and some Protestants. Christianity is a Portuguese influence. A few Muslims (mostly Arabs and Blacks in Northern part of the country), Buddhists (mostly Mahayana and Chinese), and Hindus (virtually Indian and Pakistani) are also important.

The music of Mozambique can serve many purposes, ranging from religious expression to traditional ceremonies. Some of the instruments used in Mozambican musical expression include drums made of wood and animal skin; the Lupembe, a woodwind instrument made from animal horns or wood; and the marimba, which is a kind of xylophone native to Mozambique. Some would say that Mozambique music is similar to reggae and West Indian Calypso.

Dances are usually intricate, highly developed tradition throughout Mozambique. There are many different kinds of dances from tribe to tribe which are usually ritualistic in nature. The Chopi, for instance, act out battles dressed in animal skins. The men of Makua dress in colourful outfits and masks while dancing on stilts around the village for hours. Groups of women in the northern part of the country perform a traditional dance called Tufo, to celebrate Islamic holidays.

Mozambique cuisine is Rich and varies, reflecting both its traditional roots as well as outside influences. The country is famous for its shellfish, such as prawns and crayfish, and its combination of seafood dishes with the spicy Piri–Piri sauce. One particular stew that is without Portuguese influence is Matapa, which is usually made with cassava leaves, cashews, crab, shrimp and coconut milk.

Women usually wear a dress or blouse and skirt. Men usually wear pants and a shirt; in very formal settings they would wear a tie.

Mozambique’s long history and a very rich mix of tribal cultures provide a unique experience for visitors new to Africa and its amazing traditions. 



If you like this article, please share with others
0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments