Hadza means ‘human being’. Hadza, had existed since the beginning of the stone Age, about 50,000 years ago according to an Archaeological evidence. They are considered the last Hunter gatherer tribe members. They can be found in the Eyasi Valley and hills in the north-central Tanzania.
According to The Hadza tradition, The world was inhabited by hairy Giants called the akakaanebee ” first ones” or geranebee ” ancient ones”. The akakaanebee hunted game by running it down until it fell dead because they do not possess tools or fire. In the older version of the story, fire was been considered as a danger in the Earth’s primeval state. The then generation, The Young Hadza, who have gone to the four walls of a school, said that the akakaanebee simply did not know how. Interesting.
The people of hamakwabee were the first of the Hadza ancestors to have contact with non foraging people, with whom they traded for iron to make knives and Arrowheads. They also invented the gambling game lukuchuko.
During the 18th century, The Hadza grew in knowledge in farming and traditional rites. Tanzania was exclusively occupied by Hunter gatherers. The first ever Agriculturalists to enter the region were cushitic speaking cattle herders from the horn of Africa.
Increasing number of herding people getting across to the Hadzaland and its vicinity made Hadza population decline in the 19th century due to the hostile interactions. The Hadza tribe have been under pressure from neighboring tribes prying on their land, and also have been affected by tourism.
Strange enough, The Hadza are not closely related to any other tribe. Hereditary testing also suggests significant joining has occurred between The Hadza and Bantu, while minor gathering with the Nilotic and Cushitic speaking population has occurred in the last few thousand years.
The Isanzu was also hostile to The Hadza at times, and may have captured them for the slave trade until the 1870s( when it was banished by the German colonial government) . The general attitude of neighboring agro-pastoralists towards The Hadza was prejudicial. They viewed them as backwards, not possessing a “real language”.
The Hadza language was classified with the khoisan languages because it was thought to have connection with it. However, lack of evidence made Hadza considered as isolate.
In 2007, The local government controlling The Hadza lands adjacent to the yaeda valley leased the entire 6,500 square kilometres (2,500 Sq mi) of land to the Al Nahyan royal family of the United Arab Emirates for use as a personal Safari background. Both the Hadza and Datooga were evicted with some Hadza agitators imprisoned. However, after protests from The Hadza and negative coverage in the international press, the deal was reconsidered.